This month, MEPC has been focusing on jobs. One thing you often hear when lawmakers talk about creating jobs is cutting taxes. Most people have heard this so much that they believe it’s a no-brainer. Cutting taxes = more jobs? The truth is research doesn’t back up this claim.
States are “racing to the bottom” to try to attract large manufacturers through targeted tax deals for specific companies as well as lowering overall corporate and personal income tax rates. However, taxes often make up a very small portion of a corporation’s costs, not enough to be the singular thing on which location decisions are based. Job creation efforts should not be a one size fits all approach for states. Mississippi should tailor our approach to job creation based on improving our areas of weakness, like educational attainment.
Mississippi’s income taxes are not high relative to other states. Mississippi’s personal income tax ranks in the bottom five among states with an income tax (in income taxes as a percent of personal income) and in the bottom half of states on the corporate income taxThe corporate income tax is a tax on business profits. As with the personal income tax, corporate income tax rates are 3%, 4% and 5% depending on income.. Also, among tax sources, Mississippi is much more reliant on the sales tax than the income tax. In Mississippi, sales and use taxThis tax applies to items that are purchased outside of Mississippi for use in our state. The use tax is designed to prevent state residents from avoiding the sales tax by purchasing goods in other states. Residents who purchase goods in other states are legally required to report and pay tax on those purchases. Every state with a sales tax also has a use tax. revenues make up 43% of our state revenueThe state’s income from any source. Mississippi revenue includes: tax collections, fees, and intergovernmental grants., while individual income taxes make up 33%.
In fact, this week, Standard and Poor’s Ratings Services released a study that found that Mississippi is among the top 10 states with the heaviest reliance on the sales tax. The S&P study looked at income inequality among states and found that it contributed to the slowing of state revenueThe state’s income from any source. Mississippi revenue includes: tax collections, fees, and intergovernmental grants. growth, especially among states that rely heavily on the sales tax.
According to the study, income inequality reduces state revenueThe state’s income from any source. Mississippi revenue includes: tax collections, fees, and intergovernmental grants. growth by limiting economic activity in general. In another report on income inequality released earlier this year, Standard and Poor’s points to the need for states to increase educational attainment as a means to combat income inequality.
Educational attainment is a key weakness in Mississippi’s economic competitiveness. It contributes to Mississippi’s high poverty levels and low quality of life. For instance, in the Forbes Best States for Business rankings, Mississippi ranked 49th. What pulled down our score? Our labor supply, which is based on educational attainment, and quality of life, which is based partly on K-12 and higher education and the health of our communities.Whether we can improve these factors depends on having adequate state revenueThe state’s income from any source. Mississippi revenue includes: tax collections, fees, and intergovernmental grants. and making long-term investments. Cutting taxes now would take us in the wrong direction for economic competitiveness and job creation.
-Sara Miller, Senior Policy Analyst