Lawmakers proposed several big tax cut proposals during this year’s legislative sessionThe Legislative Session convenes during the first week of January and closes around April 1st. Draft bills are divided between the House and Senate Appropriations Committees and further divided by subcommittee, usually by agencyAny department, officer, authority, public corporation, quasi-public corporation, commission, board, institution, state, university, and any other public agency created by the State, other than units of local government and school districts. (Source: MS Department of Finance and Administration) function. During the Legislative Session, the Legislature may decide to suspend the law requiring the 2% be set aside. Then both houses must adopt the conference reports on the appropriations bills (generally 5-6 days before the end of the session). If approved, the bills are sent to the Governor for his signature.. Tax cuts were ultimately rejected by the state’s House of Representatives in a fiscally responsible move to maintain the revenues necessary to move the state forward through investments in education and infrastructure. As revenues continue to recover, we can start making progress towards better schools, bridges, health care, and more. Tax cuts would not only jeopardize our recent progress but also our ability to make progress in the future.
Not the time for tax cuts
Mississippi’s state budget looks better than it has in quite a while. Revenues are climbing, and the state’s rainy day fund is full. However, the state is still climbing out of the deep hole caused by the recent recession.
Despite recent progress, K-12 school funding is still down $623 per student since before the recession and there are 2250 fewer teachers in the classroom. Mississippi’s universities have seen their funding cut 25% per student and tuition has been raised accordingly, making a college education unaffordable for more people. One in five bridges in the state need to be repaired or replaced. Rural hospitals in the state are struggling to make payroll and keep their doors open because the state has failed to make investment in health care.
Cuts and the fiscal outlook
Big tax cuts in other states have worsened their fiscal conditions. Cuts have depleted their reserves, required them to prop up their budget with one-time funds as well as make cuts to priorities like education. In Louisiana, the budget had been propped up with rising oil prices after they enacted cuts several years ago, but their budget it now struggling with the drop in oil prices. Earlier this year, two out of three major bond-rating firms, which examine state credit worthiness much like consumers get a credit check when they borrow money, downgraded the Louisiana’s fiscal outlook from stable to negative.
Kansas, which has garnered great attention with big tax cuts and bold claims that they will boost the state’s economy, has seen job growth that lags behind the nation. Bond rating firms, rather than just revising their fiscal outlook, actually downgraded the state’s bond ratings due to the cuts.
Mississippi’s outlook was deemed “negative” in 2013 by Fitch, a bond-rating firm, and it has remained negative since then. One of the areas Fitch looks at when rating states is whether they have adequate revenueThe state’s income from any source. Mississippi revenue includes: tax collections, fees, and intergovernmental grants. or too stringent spending limitations stating: “an inability to generate sufficient revenueThe state’s income from any source. Mississippi revenue includes: tax collections, fees, and intergovernmental grants. to fund needed services due to political or other practical concerns can have long-term implications for an issuer’s financial and economic health.”
The firm cited Mississippi’s use of one-time funds in its decision, but that was not the only thing the firm raised concerns about. It also cited Mississippi’s poverty, saying that “the state’s socioeconomic profile is relatively weak, with wealth and educational attainment indicators that significantly lag national levels.”
To address these concerns, Mississippi needs to maintain public investment in K-12 and higher education, healthcare, and infrastructure. Big tax cuts would have not only been fiscally irresponsible for our state as they have for other states, they would have jeopardized our progress towards addressing poverty and educational attainment.